Organization of World Soil Day - 2016
ICAR – Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research, Lucknow celebrated World Soil Day on 5th December, 2016. Dr. P.N. Singh, Eminent Soil Scientist was the Chief Guest of the event. Dr. Singh emphasized on the use of balanced fertilizer in the field. He expressed his concern over deteriorating quality of soil, water and food due to ignorance. He said that soil as a critical component of the natural system and as a vital contributor to human well-being. He urged that scientists and extension personnel must work in synchronization to address these challenges.
Dr. A.D. Pathak, Director, ICAR-IISR welcomed the participants and stressed the importance of soil, water and air for the very existence of life. He said that soil is the reservoir for at least a quarter of global biodiversity, and therefore, needs immediate attention. Soils play a key role in the supply of clean water and resilience to floods and droughts. He outlined the progress made by the Institute in various soil related research projects. He also assured that the distribution of Soil Health Card scheme adopted by the Institute will be intensified in the future. He also called upon the scientists to chalk out their plan well in advance in this direction.
Dr. S.K. Shukla, Project Coordinator, AICRP (Sugarcane) said that there is an urgent need to ensure healthy soils. Sustainable management systems and practices will unlock the full potential of soils to support food production, store and supply clean water, preserve biodiversity, sequester more carbon and increase resilience to the changing climate. He also informed about various programmes being run by the AICRP in all over the country for improving the health of the soil. He also gave a brief account of the various reasons for the deteriorating soil health. Dr. Shukla informed that a publication on integrated use of fertilizers in sugarcane in various states of the country will be brought out soon.
Dr. V.P. Singh, Head, Division of the Crop Production highlighted the linkage of soil research work at IISR and its significance. He elaborated about various ongoing research projects in the Institute related to soil. He also presented brief achievements made by the Division in this direction during the last decade. He advocated that sugarcane is an important crop in maintaining the soil health.
Dr. R.S. Dohare, Nodal Officer, Mera Gaon Mera Gaurav Scheme explained the procedure of educating the farmers of adopted villages under the scheme. He informed that a large number of farmers are being benefitted by distributing Soil Health Cards and on site soil quality testing. He urged that the scientists and farmers should interact and such schemes must be multiplied at national level.
Further a farmers' awareness programme towards healthy soil for enhanced and sustained agricultural productivity was organized by the KVK of ICAR-IISR, Lucknow at village Ismailnagar, Block-Gosainganj, District-Lucknow. On this occasion, more than 100 farmers of the area participated in the programme and took keen interest in making their soil more healthy and productive through adoption of carbon sequestration technologies in field crops production. Farmers were told about the Central Govt’s serious concerns on burning of crops residues particularly of rice and wheat, by the farmers. Farmers were also made aware that if crops residues are retained in the fields will certainly boost organic carbon content in the soil and reduce environmental pollution. Four KVK Lucknow scientists namely ; Dr. R.K.Singh, Dr. Y.P.Singh, Dr. Veenika Singh and Mrs. Neelam Singh delivered their talks stressing the need for adoption of green manuring by Dhaincha, application of locally available organic manures in their fields, retention of field crops residues in their fields etc., for making the soil healthy and sustainable for the use of future generation. Farmers were also told about the Hon’ble Prime Minister dream project on “Soil Health Cards” and accordingly, they were also requested to collect soil samples of their fields and get them analyzed from KVK, Lucknow and apply plant nutrients as per need of the soil.