Meeting of ICAR-IISR Lucknow and UPCSR Shahjahanpur with Cane Department of Uttar Pradesh
August 22, 2016 was a historical day when a meeting of research organizations as ICAR-Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research, Lucknow and UP Council of Sugarcane Research, Shahjahanpur and Sugarcane and Sugar Department, Govt. of Uttar Pradesh was held at ICAR-IISR, Lucknow to discuss various issues pertaining to increasing yield of sugarcane in Uttar Pradesh. Apart from Scientists of IISR, Lucknow and various centres of UPCSR, Shahjahanpur, the meeting was attended by Cane Commissioner, Additional Cane Commissioner, Joint Cane Commissioner and Deputy Cane Commissioner, Govt. of Uttar Pradesh.
Dr. J. Singh, Principal Scientist, Division of Crop Improvement delivered his presentation on “Improved Sugarcane Varieties: Seed Production and DUS Testing. He advocated for proper varietal balance in the sugar mill command area. In North Central Zone/North Eastern Zone, 20-25% varieties of early maturity, 55% of mid-late and 20-25% varieties of late maturity. In North West Zone, there should be 25-30% varieties of early duration, 55% mid-late and 15-20% late. He informed that Co 0238 and CoS 767 are major varieties of sugarcane having covered 19.62 and 17.72% of the area under sugarcane in the state. Dr. S.K. Shukla, Head, Division of Crop Production in his presentation on management practices informed that healthy seed cane, proper moisture and optimum temperature of 250C at the time of planting, balanced nutrition, sunny days for tillering and disease and pest free environment are the suitable growing conditions for sugarcane. He advocated about integrated nutrient management, weed management and water management. Dr. A.K. Singh, Head, Division of Agricultural Engineering informed the participants about latest developments in farm machineries for mechanization of sugarcane cultivation in view of emerging problem of shortage of labour for farm operations. He advocated for use of farm machineries for effective utilization of critical inputs (seed, fertilizer and water), sowing of costs, labour and time, reducing human drudgeries and increasing yield per unit of manpower, time and input. Dr. Singh informed about recent developments in mechanization of sugarcane cultivation at IISR and gave a brief introduction about the various machines developed for seed bed preparation, planting interculture and earthing up, harvesting and ratoon management. Dr. M.R. Singh, Head, Division of Crop Protection gave a brief presentation on the major insect-pests and diseases of sugarcane and advocated for adopting biological control for the management of major insects like Pyrilla, top borer and white grubs and seed treatment in moist hot air treatment for reducing the menace of red rot and seed borne diseases.
Dr. V.K. Shukla, Additional Cane Commissioner, Govt. of U.P. advocated for reducing the area under sugarcane under rejected varieties and maintaining recommended varietal balance. He informed about this year target of 10% planting of sugarcane in autumn season by trench method of planting in intercropping with other crops. The Government of Uttar Pradesh is promoting drip irrigation, organization of village level Kisan Goshthi, visit of farmers at the farms of innovative farmers, nursery of seed cane in 4-5 villages, establishment of ideal village and Ganna Kisan Club in each sugar mill command area, seed treatment in MHAT plant for management of diseases.
Dr. B.L. Sharma, Director, UPCSR, Shahjahanpur advocated about the development of new varieties of sugarcane like Co 0238, standardizing pathological screening technology, balanced use of N,P, K with secondary and micronutrients and reducing the cost of technology.
Dr. A.D. Pathak, Director, ICAR-IISR, Lucknow told the organization of this coordination meeting as a good initiative for utilizing the strength of each other and felt the need for developing a strong road map of sugarcane by ICAR-IISR, Lucknow and UPCSR, Shahjahanpur. He advocated for adoption of sugarcane machineries, crop protection techniques and tissue culture plants developed by IISR, in addition to varietal replacement and seed production. Dr. Pathak urged for developing an Entrepreneurship Programme for jaggery production at three places in the East Uttar Pradesh where sugar mills are not working.
Sh. Vipin Kumar Dwivedi, Cane and Sugar Commissioner, Govt. of Uttar Pradesh expressed satisfaction over emergence of Uttar Pradesh as the largest sugar producing state of the country. He assured that IISR technologies will be disseminated through the state through the network of Cane Department. Sh. Dwivedi termed this meeting as a humble beginning and assured that the Cane Department will meet with IISR more frequently. Next time, sugar mills officials’ will also be invited. He thanked all the scientists for their suggestions which go a long way to develop a strong work-plan for increasing production of sugarcane in the state.