Organization of Parthenium Eradication Awareness Programme at Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Icar-Indian Institute Of Sugarcane Research, Lucknow
An Awareness Programme on Parthenium Eradication was organized at Krishi Vigyan Kendra, ICAR-Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research, Lucknow to create awareness among the farmers and general public about the menace of Parthenium weed. Leading the programme, Dr. A.D. Pathak, Director of the Institute highlighted that Parthenium which is known locally as Gazar Ghas, Congress Ghas, Chatak Chandni and Kadwi Ghas is responsible for health problems in human beings and animals, besides deteriorating environment, loss of productivity and biodiversity. This weed was visible in India first time during 1955 and has now covered more than 35 million hectare area in the country and causing Eczema, Allergy and Fever in human beings. The consumption of this weed in animals causes swelling in its mouth and cause a pungent smell in the milk of lactating animals.
Dr. S.N. Singh, Principal Scientist and Head, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, ICAR-IISR informed about the identification features of this weed. Parthenium has the leaves like the carrot crop and produces hundreds of tiny white flowers. Due to the completion of its life cycle in 3-4 months, 3-4 generations of this weed can be completed in an year. In non-farming areas, it can be controlled by spraying of Glyphosate weedicide @ 10 ml per litre of water or Metribuzyn @ 3.0 – 3.5 ml per litre of water. For managing this weed in the crops, the farmers are advised to consult the Scientists to use the appropriate weedicide. Dr. Singh suggested that this weed can only be eradicated only by community efforts. Plants of this weed should be uprooted before the rainy season before its flowering and be used for making compost (organic manure). He further added that the compost made by Parthenium is better than the compost made by cattle dung due to high plant nutrients value. Dr. Singh also advised to release Mexican beetles (A biocontrol agent) to eradicate this weed. The programme was attended by the Scientists and other staff of the Institute and its Krishi Vigyan Kendra.