Committed for an efficient, globally competitive and vibrant sugarcane agriculture
        - PM inaugurated Krishi Kumbh 2018 at ICAR-IISR, Lucknow               - Mahila Kisan Diwas Celebrated at KVK, ICAR-IISR, Lucknow               - Farmers Conference on Enhancing Vegetables Production for Food and Nutritional Security and Improvement in Livelihood               - Dr. A.K. Srivastava, Chairman, ASRB appreciated R & D efforts of ICAR-IISR               - Hon’ble Minister Shri G.S. Shekhawat visit at IISR               - हिंदी पखवाड़ा-2018 का आयोजन               - DG, VSI, Pune applauds IISR developed sugarcane machines               - IISR technological interventions for higher yield of sugarcane and sugar in Narsinghpur               - हिंदी कार्यशाला में स्वच्छता का संदेश               - Teachers Day observed at IISR               - A farmers' Conference on Organic Farming for soil health management and enhancing field crops production and doubling of farmers income organised               - संस्थान को “राजर्षि टंडन राजभाषा पुरस्कार”               - Secretary, DAC & FW, Govt. of India visited institute               - Delegation of Maharashtra Cooperative Sugar Mill visited institute               - नगर राजभाषा कार्यान्वयन समिति, लखनऊ की संयुक्त परिचर्चा बैठक का आयोजन               - Seminar on Sustainable Sugarcane Practices for Viable Sugar Industry organized               - Sensitization Workshop on Intellectual Property, Technology Management & Entrepreneurship Development               - KVK of IISR Lucknow awarded by Hon'ble Prime Minister of India               - Scientific Advisory Committee meeting of KVK               - IISR Received Prestigious Mahindra Samridhi Agri Award               - संस्थान द्वारा कृषक प्रशिक्षण एवं गोष्ठी का आयोजन               - 67th Foundation days of Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research Celebrated               - Technological interventions for higher yield in Narsinghpur, Madhya Pradesh               - Zonal Breeders’ Meet of AICRP on Sugarcane held               - DUS Review, Agro-biodiversity Exhibition and Farmers’ Rights Regional Workshop               - RAWE & AIA programme organised at IISR               - World Soil Day celebrated by the institute               - Agricultural Education Day celebrated by the institute               - Dr. A.K. Singh, Deputy Director General (HS & CS) visited institute               - ICAR Inter-Institutional Zonal Sports Tournament for North Zone held at the institute               - Three days National Seminar on Farmer Centric Cinema Organised               - MTC on Entrepreneurship in sugarcane to double farmers’ income organized               - गन्ने की खेती हेतु यान्त्रिकीकरण विषय पर प्रशिक्षण का आयोजन               - Ex-Minister Cooperation (Sugar and Sugarcane), Govt of Maharashtra visited institute               - Visit of Secretary, Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers’ Welfare, GoI, New Delhi               - Events of Swachh Bharat Mission Anniversary               - संस्थान के ‘इक्षु’ को राष्ट्रपति द्वारा राजभाषा कीर्ति पुरस्कार               - Capacity building on Development of Soft Skills for Attaining Excellence in Science               - भाकृअनुप- भारतीय गन्ना अनुसंधान संस्थान क्षेत्रीय केन्द्र, मोतीपुर में “संकल्प से सिद्धि“ कार्यक्रम का आयोजन               - Programme on Sankalp Se Siddhi held               - Establishment of Bael orchard for entrepreneurship development and income generation               - ICAR-IISR-DSCL Sugar Mill MoU for Increasing the Income of Sugarcane Growers by 2022               - 71st Independence Day Celebrations at the Institute               - भारतीय गन्ना अनुसंधान संस्थान को राजभाषा का प्रतिष्ठित पुरस्कार मिला               - Cane Commissioner, Andhra Pradesh led delegation visited institute               - Training for cane managers of sugar mills organized               - Roof Top Solar Energy System inaugurated by DDG (CS) at ICAR-IISR, Lucknow                - नगर राजभाषा कार्यान्वयन समिति की बैठक का आयोजन               - संस्थान में अंतर्राष्ट्रीय योग दिवस का आयोजन               - Annual Convention and Technical Expo-2017 of NISSTA               - National Seminar on “Agriculture Research and Education in Relation to Development of Integrated Agriculture : Challenges & Solutions”               - Jaggery Processing unit of ICAR-IISR was inaugurated in East Champaran (Bihar)               - किसान कल्याण मेला मोतिहारी में संस्थान               - Meeting with Cane Development and Sugar Industry Minister, Uttar Pradesh               - DDG (CS), ICAR Inaugurated Kisan Mela in Manpur, Biswan               - IISR received Best Exhibition Stall Award at National level               - Visit of Foreign Delegation               - Interface Meeting for Quality Seed Cane Production and Distribution in Uttar Pradesh               - Visit of Additional Secretary & Financial Advisor (DARE/ICAR)               - Foundation Day of ICAR-IISR, Lucknow               - गन्ना शोध और विकास के लिए बैठक               - Zonal Breeders’ Meet of AICRP on Sugarcane                - गोरखपुर में गुड़ प्रसंस्करण एवं प्रशिक्षण इकाई का शिलान्यास               - Sh. Ram Naik, Hon'ble Governor of Uttar Pradesh visited IISR, Lucknow               - Agriculture Education Day organised               - World Soil Day organised at Ismailnagar village by KVK               - Visit of Dr. A.K. Singh, Deputy Director General (Ag Extn & Hort)               - 31st Biennial Workshop of AICRP on Sugarcane               - Foundation stone of Jaggery Processing and Training Unit laid at KVK (Piprakothi), Pusa, Bihar               - Dr. J.S. Sandhu, Deputy Director General (Crop Science) visited institute               - KVK organised Training on Roof Top Kitchen Gardening               - Inauguration function of KVK, Chaukmafi (Peepiganj), Gorakhpur               - Meeting on financial matters of the North Zone institutes held               - हिंदी पखवाड़ा का आयोजन               - IISR bagged Research Leadership Award               - Scientist Meeting with Cane Department of Uttar Pradesh               - Parthenium Awarness Programme organised               - Visit of ICAR-IISR, Lucknow by the Secretary, DARE and DG, ICAR               - 23rd Annual Zonal Workshop on KVKs of Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand               - Annual Convention of Sugarcane and Sugar Sector at ICAR-IISR               - Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare Visited ICAR-IISR               - Union Home Minister Shri Rajnath Singh Ji Inaugurated PM Phasal Bima Yojana Awareness Programme               - Technology and Machinery Demonstration Mela organized at IISR, Lucknow               - माननीय कृषि एवं किसान कल्याण मंत्री, भारत सरकार श्री राधा मोहन सिंह जी द्वारा मोतीपुर में गुड़ प्रशिक्षण इकाई का उद्घाटन               - Indonesian Delegates visited IISR, Lucknow               - संस्थान ने 65वां स्थापना दिवस मनाया               - Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare visited ICAR-IISR Regional Centre, Motipur               - राष्ट्रीय कार्यशाला उन्नत भारत अभियान               - विश्व मृदा दिवस का आयोजन               - Vigilance Awareness Week at the institute               - संस्थान ने मनाया विश्व खाद्य दिवस               - भारतीय गन्ना अनुसंधान संस्थान में स्वच्छता अभियान               - इक्षु राष्ट्रपति द्वारा प्रथम पुरस्कार से सम्मानित               - DG Visit at IISR Motipur               - Brain storming seminar on harnessing energy feed stocks held               - Pre-Kharif Kisan Sammelan organised at IISR, Lucknow               - भारतीय गन्ना अनुसंधान संस्थान में राष्ट्रीय प्रशिक्षण का समापन               - Kisan – Vigyan Samagam organised at Modipuram               - Proud Moments for IISR Scientists in International Forum               - Union Minister of Agriculture, Food Processing and Cooperatives visited IISR               

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IISR technological interventions for higher yield of sugarcane and sugar in Narsinghpur

Under the chairmanship of Dr. A.D. Pathak, Director, ICAR-IISR, Lucknow, a team of Institute Scientists namely, Dr. S.N. Singh, Dr. M. R. Singh and Dr. M.K. Singh visited Narsinghpur district of Madhya Pradesh on September 19-20, 2018 and conducted in depth interaction with sugarcane farmers while conducting field days at 06 villages (Kanwas, Kareli, Singhpur, Mekh, Nanhegaon and Mugli) of the district. A huge meeting with more than 400 farmers in the presence of Sh. Abhay Verma, IAS, District Magistrate, Narsinghpur; Dr. Sadhu Ram Sharma, Ex. Cane Commissioner, Govt. of Madhya Pradesh; other district level officers and Sh. Chandra Shekhar Tiwari, an inspiring and innovative farmer of Narsinghpur was also conducted at the campus of KVK, Narsinghpur on September 19, 2018. Sugarcane farmers of the district were found very innovative who cultivate the crop with scientific crop management practices with no cane trash burning.

Present status of sugarcane cultivation in the area

Narsinghpur is one of the 51 districts of Madhya Pradesh, mostly black cotton soils having clay content of 60-65 %, more water holding capacity and deficient in Mn and Fe, approximately 80% area is sprinkler irrigated and about 35% cane acreage is under intercropping with September-October planted sugarcane. About 65% of the total sugarcane area of MP is in Narsinghpur district (approximately 75000 ha). It is termed as the sugar bowl of Madhya Pradesh and Haryana of India. In this district, there are 09-10 sugar mills having 2500-3000 TCD capacity, but are not taking sugarcane development activities. In this situation, farmers are now very much eager to develop jaggery production entrepreneurship and trying to install some improved plants for that. At present, there are around 3000 jaggery units and two automated khandsari plants in the area. Some sugarcane farmers have locally developed organic formulations involving Dhatura, Neem leaves etc. for the control of insect pests in field crops including sugarcane. They usually apply this formulation through sprinkler irrigation. Sugarcane farmers are totally dependent on cane varieties developed from other States of India as no sugarcane variety has been developed from research stations located in Madhya Pradesh. Sugarcane varieties viz., Co 0238, Co 86032, Co 92005, Co VSI 3102, Co VSI 8005, Co VSI 10001 and Co M 0265 are presently under cultivation, but with prevalence of various diseases particularly smut.

Narsinghpur district farmers are taking utmost care to improve their soil fertility by adopting principles of organic farming in sugarcane based cropping systems viz., dhaincha/sunhemp green manuring, legume crops intercropping, application of decomposed organic manures, surface mulching of crops residues including sugarcane dry trash etc. They have successfully addressed the constraints related to operational difficulties coming after trash mulching in between ratoon cane rows particularly during intercultural operations and fertilizer applications. For this purpose, they have locally fabricated an implement which performs shredding of cane trash residues and interculturing operations along cane rows. Some farmers have tasted the advantages of early planting of sugarcane in September-October and taking other popular crops as intercrops, namely potato, gram, pea, coriander, garlic, onion etc. with cane for higher production potentials and economic returns.

To address the severe constraints of labour scarcity, the farmers have started adopting mechanization in sugarcane agriculture and accordingly, planting sugarcane in September/October at 4.5 to 5.0 feet apart to facilitate tractors running in between cane rows. Some farmers are planting sugarcane at the row distance of 90:180 cm with the most popular intercrop of gram, and accordingly accruing higher monetary benefits. The texture of black cotton soils is a problem for adopting mechanization in sugarcane cultivation. Some innovative farmers feed their crop with balanced application of nutrients particularly micronutrients after getting analyzed their soil samples. Foliar application of urea and other micronutrients is done by some of the farmers. But, in general, they need technologies for better crop management practices and balanced fertilization.

ICAR-IISR technological interventions for higher cane and sugar production in the area

Management of various sugarcane diseases is really a serious concern over there. Cane varieties CoM 261 and Co VSI 8005 were found heavily infested with smut and wilt, respectively. Smut, wilt, Pokkah Boeng and Yellow Leaf Disease (YLD) are most prominent ones. Smut is the severe problem in old varieties, and sugar recovery is 9.58% as against 10.61% in the adjoining district of Uttar Pradesh. The farmers procure seed cane from unreliable sources and do not treat such planting material with Carbendazim. MHAT units at Sugar mills in the area are not functional. The farmers were advised for the MHAT treatment of seed cane before planting, and removal and destruction of infected seed cane before planting. Farmers were also advised to remove and destroy the shoots infected with diseases like smut and GSD, and replacement of old varieties with new ones. The symptoms of different insect pests of sugarcane and their management were elaborated to them. The ICAR-IISR, Lucknow has adopted the district for all the technological interventions for disease free sugarcane planting and increasing the productivity of both cane and sugar with reduced cost of cultivation and higher farm profit.

  • Farmers’ seminars and on-fields scientists – farmers interactions were carried out in different villages of the district. The Director, ICAR-IISR along with the three scientists of Institute delivered their lectures on various aspects of sugarcane production technologies and mechanization in sugarcane cultivation besides interacting with a large number of farmers on issues related to maximized cane production without impairing soil fertility. Package of practices for sugarcane crop management for higher cane and sugar yields sugarcane mechanization technologies were suggested.
  • Sugarcane farmers of the district were suggested to develop sugarcane nursery using single bud sett (particularly cane node technology) in net houses in August and its transplantation in September as early autumn sugarcane crop, which will be useful in getting maximum survival of sugarcane plantlets in the field due to sufficient soil moisture after cessation of rains. This will provide one month additional time for the growth of cane plants. This will also ensure maximum initial stand establishment and number of millable canes for higher cane yield. Early establishment and growth with adequate root development help the cane crop to tolerate drought condition up to a certain extent. This practice of cane growing will offer an additional opportunity for intercropping of rabi/winter season crops.
  • Low tillering and getting optimum plant population in sugarcane are also some of the other problems. Suitable technologies to overcome of these problems were suggested.
  • Faulty weed management practices were also being followed by the farmers. This checks the growth of cane plants even besides putting extra load on expenditure to be incurred on the purchase of various costly herbicides. Farmers were suggested to adopt integrated weed management practices for higher cane yield with better returns.
  • The farmers were informed that the sugarcane requires more water and nutrients from soil to sustain higher productivity. There is a need to curtail the supply of irrigation water to sugarcane using micro-irrigation methods. Micro-irrigation saves at least 1/3rd of irrigation water (sustaining the same yield) and become more important in a situation of water scarcity or drought. Micro-irrigation system also helps in providing fertilizers direct to the root zone and thus also improves nutrient use efficiency. In drip irrigation/fertigation, both water and fertilizers are delivered to crop simultaneously through a drip irrigation system. Fertigation ensures that essential nutrients are supplied precisely at the area of most intensive root activity and according to the specific requirements of sugarcane crop. It results in higher cane yields and sugar recovery.
  • Farmers were very much eager to have demonstration on ICAR-IISR developed machines particularly RMD and Cutter Planter in sugarcane cultivation. These machines will be tested in that area looking into the fields with black cotton soils.
  • ICAR-IISR technical guidelines for entrepreneurship development adopting the principles of establishing machine bank with the creation of self help groups were suggested. Most of the farmers are now switching over to jaggery production since sugar mills are of low crushing capacities, and also not doing developmental activities for the benefit of sugarcane farmers. The activities for scientific method of jaggery storage will be strengthened for a longer period. Tips for quality jaggery production with installation of improved pans developed at ICAR-IISR, Lucknow for improvement in jaggery quality production were suggested. It was emphasized not to use chemicals during the process of clarification and tips for value addition were also given.
  • Actually, the area comes under the climatic impact of both tropical and sub-tropical characters. Therefore, it needs the testing of sub-tropical and tropical sugarcane varieties for their suitability in that area. Management of sugarcane diseases and insect pests are also the major concerns. Institute will take action for frequent visit of scientists since the district has the sizeable area under sugarcane cultivation.