About AICRP on Sugarcane
All India Coordinated Research Project on Sugarcane is serving the Nation by coordinating research work on sugarcane since 1970 through a network of sugarcane research stations of ICAR, State Agricultural Universities, State Govt. Departments and Non-Government Organizations. At present, there are 22 regular centers and 14 voluntary centers for conducting research and multi-location testing of technology for wider adoption. As per the mandate, main emphasis is laid on the development of improved sugarcane varieties, crop production and protection technologies suited to commercial cultivation under different agro-climatic conditions in the country. Under flagship programme of varietal development, 119 sugarcane varieties have been developed through AICRP on Sugarcane and of these, 55 varieties have been released and notified by Central Varietal Release Committee (CVRC) for commercial cultivation in different parts of the country. The improved sugarcane varieties for cane yield, sugar recovery and resistance against major insect- pest and diseases for various climatic conditions have increased the sugar production of the country.
The Project provides forum to the researchers for deliberations on new varieties and making recommendations on crop production and crop protection. In order to provide fluff to the breeders, a National Hybridization Garden was established in 1972 at the Sugarcane Breeding Institute wherein all the parents so far identified for their characters are planted in separate plots and the breeders of the centers make use of it for crossing and fluff production. SBI, Coimbatore also extends facility for crossing work at the National Distant Hybridization facility established at Agali (District Palakkad, Kerala). The research programmes of the project are decided according to the mandate and objectives of the AICRP (S).
The headquarters of the Project (Coordination Unit) is housed in the Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research, Lucknow, which is situated 4.8 km from Lucknow Railway Station (Charbagh) and 12 km from C.C.S. International Airport, Lucknow at Rai Bareli Road (26.56oN and 80.52oE) at 111 m above mean sea level. Distance from New Delhi is about 500 km and well connected to all major cities of the country.
ClimateThe climate of Lucknow is subtropical, summer season, spanning from mid March to mid June, is hot and dry with temperature exceeding 40oC. The monsoon normally commences from third week of June and extends till last week of September. The average rainfall during last five years has been around 880mm and rainy season is primarily uni-modal (nearly 80-85% of precipitation received during monsoon). The winters are extremely chill which witness the drop of temperature up to 3.2oC.
Funds provided and utilized