Committed for an efficient, globally competitive and vibrant sugarcane agriculture

Agrometeorology Laboratory

Agrometeorology section came into existence in 1992 at this Institute within the Division of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry. In 1994, it was declared an independent section with Officer In charge within the over all administrative control of the Director. The met yard of the Institute was transferred to Agrometeorology within one technical staff (met observer), one field technical staff and one supporting staff. The section was shifted to a new building in 1994 and since then it is housed in the same building.




The last decade has witnessed records of extreme weather events in terms of highest maximum temperature and highly skewed patterns of rainfall in India. Droughts and severe floods have been noticed simultaneously in many parts of the country. Within the season, highly variable rainfall with decrease in number of rainy days with almost no change in average annual rainfall is indicating more intense rainfall events leading to floods, relatively high rates of soil erosion, surface runoff and poor ground water recharge. Such a situation has thrown up new challenges in effective and efficient management of natural resources. Therefore, it has become imperative to bring in new approaches in research and technology generation to meet new challenges being encountered in agriculture due to climate change.

Sugarcane is cultivated under diverse agroecological conditions across the length and breadth of the country encompassing both the tropical and subtropical zones. Being a long-duration crop it faces all the three major seasons i.e. summer, monsoon and winter. The crop weather interactions in sugarcane are highly complex in the major pheno phases (establishment, formative and ripening and maturity) of the crop in terms of biotic and abiotic stresses faced by the crop and are dependent on the weather sequences during crop cycle. Keeping the above in view the following programme is envisaged for next five years to quantify the impact of climate change on sugarcane crop and develop strategies towards mitigation and adaptation to overcome negative impact of climate change on sustenance and improvement in sugarcane agriculture.

Thrust Area

Assessment of impact of weather variability and climate change on the tonnage and quality of sugarcane through GCM and RCM and simulation modeling and experimentation under control conditions of increased CO2 and thermal regimes.

Research Projects

Sl No Title of Research Project Duration
1 Compilation, analysis and documentation of long-term weather database in relation to sugarcane crop culture. March, 2000 - LT
2 Impact of climate change on dynamics and behavior of insect-pests of sugarcane April, 2012 - Mar., 2016
3 NICRA Programme on “Assessment of Impact of Climate Change on Productivity and Quality of Sugarcane in Sub-tropical India and opportunities of agronomic adaptation”. April, 2013 - Mar, 2017

Daily Weather Report of IISR, Lucknow

Staff of the unit

Scientific – Principal Scientist -1, Senior Scientist - 1
Technical – Technical Officer (T-5)-1
Contractual Staff (NICRA)-
Research Associate –1
Senior Research Fellow -1

Facilities available

  1. Met Yard (as per IMD Specification)
  2. Spectroradiometer
  3. Infrared thermometer
  4. Net Radiometer
  5. Chlorophyll meter
  6. Computers and Printers
  7. GIS Software